What are chemical peels?
Chemical peels are cosmetic skin treatments that are used to improve and smooth out the surface of the facial skin, hands, and neck. A chemical solution is used to remove top layers of skin which allows the dead surface skin to peel off. During this procedure, chemical solutions will be applied to the area being treated, which causes the skin to exfoliate and eventually peel off. Once this happens, the new skin underneath is often smoother, appears less wrinkled, and may have less damage compared to the old skin.
What Skin Conditions Are Chemical Peels Used For?
Anyone who wants to combat the look of aging, hyperpigmentation, or skin imperfections:
- Acne – Chemical peels are an effective way to treat acne. They exfoliate the skin, allowing dead skin cells to be removed more effectively, excess oils on the skin are also removed. This action unblocks hair follicles and pores and reducing the appearance of pimples and enhancing skin texture that is damaged by acne.
- Reduce fine lines and wrinkles – especially under the eyes and around the mouth in skin that is sun damaged or aging.
- Rough skin Texture – chemical peels can refine rough skin texture by increasing the amount of collagen in the upper layer of the skin.
- Lentigines (large freckles) which appear as dark spots on the skin, they are also called liver spots, or age spots. They can develop as a result of sun exposure and are present on areas of the body which are exposed to excess sun such as face and arms and neck. A series of chemical peels can lighten large freckles and help improve the appearance of sun damaged skin.
- Melasma – is a dark skin discoloration which appears as patches commonly found on the cheeks, nose, lips, upper lip, and forehead. It is common in women who are taking hormonal treatment in the form of contraceptives or Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and pregnant women. A series of chemical peels can lighten the appearance of dark discoloured skin caused by melasma.
- Hyperpigmentation – caused by overproduction of melanin which results in uneven skin tone. The dark spots and patches are typically perceived as “aged skin”Chemical peels can lighten and even out the tone and appearance of the skin.
What type of chemical peels can I get?
There are three different types of chemical peels that you can get. These include:
Superficial Peel or lunchtime peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discoloration and rough skin as well as to refresh the face, neck, chest, or hands.
Medium peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the out and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. It also can be used to smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths, i.e. actinic keratosis.
Deep peel: Trichloroacetic acid or phenol is applied to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. Patients will see a dramatic improvement in skin appearance. The procedure is used on the face and only can be performed once.
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Every skin type can potentially be refreshed and rejuvenated with our chemical peels. Aging, acneic, sensitive, scarred, pigmented, dull, and dry skin types may all benefit tremendously from a chemical peel. Even thin skin may appear thicker and more hydrated after a carefully applied chemical peel. It is important to note that the level of discomfort associated with treatment is dependent on the extent of the treatment being provided and will vary from one person to the next.*
If you typically spend a lot of time in the sun, it’s essential that you avoid direct sunlight immediately after treatment, and during the skin peeling process. It’s recommended that you use broad-spectrum sunscreen following the treatment, as it helps protect from both UVA and UVB radiation.
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